Driving under the influence (DUI) charges extend beyond alcohol impairment. Indeed, some people are very surprised to learn that in Georgia, DUI laws also apply to individuals operating a vehicle while under the influence of prescription medication or even over-the-counter drugs. Understanding the legal implications and potential consequences of these cases is crucial to protect yourself and make informed decisions about your case.
DUI Laws and Prescription Medication
Under Georgia law, it is illegal to drive if your ability is impaired by prescription medication. Even if you have a valid prescription, given to you by a doctor, the key factor is whether the medication affects your ability to operate a vehicle safely. Law enforcement have the discretion to charge you with DUI-drugs, and officers will consider various factors, such as observed driving behavior, physical appearance, and performance on field sobriety tests when determining impairment.
Over-the-Counter Drugs and DUI
Similar to prescription medication, driving under the influence of over-the-counter drugs can lead to a DUI charge in Georgia. Over-the-counter drugs, including pain relievers, cough medicine, or allergy medications, can cause drowsiness, impaired coordination, or other side effects that may affect your driving abilities. It is essential to read and follow the warning labels and instructions of any medication before getting behind the wheel.
If convicted of a DUI involving prescription medication or over-the-counter drugs in Georgia, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-391(a)(2), you face penalties similar to those for alcohol related DUIs. These consequences may include fines, license suspension, mandatory drug education or treatment programs, probation, and even jail time. Repeat offenses or aggravating factors can result in more severe punishments.
Defenses and Legal Support
If you are facing a DUI charge related to prescription medication or over-the-counter drugs, it is crucial to seek legal representation from an experienced attorney. An attorney can help assess the specific circumstances of your case, identify potential defenses, challenge evidence, and guide you through the legal process to achieve the best possible outcome.
Seeking Professional Help
Apart from legal assistance, it is essential to consult with healthcare professionals to ensure responsible use of prescription medication and over-the-counter drugs. Discuss the potential side effects and interactions with other substances, including the impact on driving ability. Always follow prescribed dosages and instructions, and if necessary, avoid driving while taking medications that may impair your capabilities.
Exploring Your Options
When facing a DUI charge involving prescription medication or over-the-counter drugs in Georgia, you have several options to consider. It is important to consult with an attorney to understand the best course of action based on the specific circumstances of your case. Here are some potential paths to consider:
- Negotiating a Plea Bargain:
- Your attorney may negotiate with the prosecution to secure a plea bargain. This involves pleading guilty to a lesser offense in exchange for reduced penalties. The specific terms of the plea bargain will depend on the facts of your case, but it could result in reduced fines, a shorter license suspension, or alternative sentencing options.
- Challenging the Arrest:
- Your attorney may challenge the legality of the traffic stop or the arrest itself. If law enforcement officers did not have a valid reason to stop your vehicle or lacked probable cause for the arrest, it may weaken the prosecution's case. Any evidence obtained unlawfully may be suppressed, potentially leading to a dismissal or reduction of charges.
- Contesting Field Sobriety Tests:
- Field sobriety tests are commonly used to assess impairment in DUI cases. However, these tests are subjective and can be influenced by various factors. Your attorney may challenge the reliability or administration of the tests, highlighting potential flaws that could cast doubt on your impairment.
- Questioning Blood or Urine Tests:
- If your impairment was determined through blood or urine tests, your attorney can examine the procedures followed during sample collection, transportation, and analysis. Mistakes or errors in these processes can be used to challenge the accuracy and reliability of the test results.
- Seeking Expert Testimony:
- Your attorney may call upon expert witnesses, such as toxicologists or medical professionals, to provide testimony supporting your defense. These experts can explain the potential effects of the prescription medication or over-the-counter drugs on your ability to operate a vehicle, casting doubt on the prosecution's claims of impairment.
- Preparing for Trial:
- If negotiations or other options are not favorable, your attorney may advise you to proceed to trial. During trial, the prosecution must prove your guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Your attorney will present a robust defense, challenge the prosecution's evidence, cross-examine witnesses, and work to undermine the case against you.
Remember, the best option for your specific case depends on various factors. Consult with an experienced DUI attorney who can evaluate the details and guide you towards the most effective strategy to achieve the best possible outcome.